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Arginine Deiminase: Current Understanding and Applications

[ Vol. 13 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Mahboubeh Zarei, Mohammad Reza Rahbar, Mohammad Hossein Morowvat, Navid Nezafat, Manica Negahdaripour, Aydin Berenjian and Younes Ghasemi*   Pages 124 - 136 ( 13 )

Abstract:


Background: Arginine deiminase (ADI), an arginine catabolizing enzyme, is considered as an anti-tumor agent for the treatment of arginine auxotrophic cancers. However, some obstacles limit its clinical applications.

Objective: This review will summarize the clinical applications of ADI, from a brief history to its limitations, and will discuss the different ways to deal with the clinical limitations.

Method: The structure analysis, cloning, expression, protein engineering and applications of arginine deiminase enzyme have been explained in this review.

Conclusion: Recent patents on ADI are related to ADI engineering to increase its efficacy for clinical application. The intracellular delivery of ADI and combination therapy seem to be the future strategies in the treatment of arginine auxotrophic cancers. Applying ADIs with optimum features from different sources and or ADI engineering, are promising strategies to improve the clinical application of ADI.

Keywords:

Arginine deiminase, anti-tumor, pegylation, targeted therapy, protein engineering, protein expression.

Affiliation:

Department of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, School of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Department of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, School of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Department of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, School of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Department of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, School of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Department of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, School of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, School of Engineering, Faculty of Science & Engineering, The University of Waikato, Hamilton, Department of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, School of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz

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